In the 8th century BC, India could be broadly understood in terms of five large regions viz. Madhyadesa (the middle country), Pratichya (western lands), Prachya. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. The key points related to the Janapadas and the Mahajanapadas are. PDF | On Jan 1, , Karam Tej Sarao and others published Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics.

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Delhi Sultanatec. The Puranas trace the origin of Kurus from the Puru – Bharata family.

Levi has identified Tambyzoi with Kamboja Indian Antiquary, p. Latin cognate genusEnglish cognate kin. In the 4th century BCE, Kautiliya ‘s Arthashastra also attests the Panchalas as following the Rajashabdopajivin king consul constitution. Political History of Pre-Buddhist India. Maurya Dynastyc.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

Misra notes that the contemporary society was divided into the four varnas besides the outcastesand the Kshatriya ruling class had all the political rights.

The Kambojas were also a well known republican people since Epic times.

Gandhara Mahajanapada of Buddhist traditions included territories of east Afghanistanand north-west of mahajanapaadas Panjab modern districts of Peshawar Purushapura and Rawalpindi. They do not give any connected history except in the case of Magadha.

Udayana was the ruler of Vatsa in the 6th-5th century BCE. For example, Jayaswal has wrongly translated the word “amantra” in a Ramayana verse as “to offer advice”; it actually means “to bid farewell” in proper context. The capital of Matsya was at Viratanagara modern Bairat which is said to have been named after its founder king Mahajanapaas. Sometimes, large forests, which were larger than the kingdoms themselves, formed their boundaries as was the case of Naimisha Forestthe NaimishaAranyam between Panchala and Kosala kingdoms.


King Nandivardhana of Avanti was defeated by king Shishunaga of Magadha. Similarly, the Yadava clan of kings formed numerous kingdoms in Central India. The country was divided into Uttara-Panchala and Dakshina-Panchala.

This obviously refers to the Kasis, Kosalas, Kurus, Panchalas, Vatsyas and other neo-Vedic tribes of the east Panjab of whom nothing was ever heard except in the legend and poetry. Late medieval period — Delhi Sultanate. For the sense of “population of the land”, padasya janasthe inverted padajana would be expected. Apart from the main city or capital, where the palace of the ruling king was situated, there were small towns and villages spread throughout the kingdom, from which tax was collected by officers appointed by the king.

Madrasian Culture Soanianc. With the rise of sixteen Mahajanapadas “great janapadas”most of the states were annexed by more powerful neighbours, although some remained independent.

Vayu Purana attests that Kuruson of Samvarsana of the Puru lineage, was the eponymous ancestor of the Kurus and the founder of Kururashtra Kuru Janapada in Kurukshetra. Mathura, the capital of Surasena, was also known at the time of Megasthenes as the centre of Krishna worship. Lectures on the Ancient History of India from – B.

Sotthivatnagara, the Sukti or Suktimati of Mahabharatawas the capital of Chedi. XIII also attest that the Kambojas followed republican constitution.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals – General Knowledge Today

An original dvandva “land and people” is conceivable, but a dual inflection would be expected. Mughal Dynastyc. Neolithic 10,— BC Bhirrana Janapaas. Ancient Kamboja is known to have comprised regions on either side of the Hindukush. Late medieval period — Delhi Sultanate. It roughly corresponded to modern Budaun, Farrukhabad and the adjoining districts of Uttar Pradesh.


Classical Numismatic Group Inc. These republican states were known as Gana. Crisis of the Sixteenth Century. King Sujata ruled over both the Chedis and Matsyas, thus showing that Matsya janwpadas formed a part of the Chedi kingdom. The Surasena mmahajanapadas had lost its independence on annexation by the Magadhan empire. The kingdom of the Magadhas roughly corresponded to the modern districts of Patna and Gaya in southern Bihar and parts of Bengal in the east.

Kingdoms in the Mahabharata. Neolithic 10,— BC Bhirrana Culture. The Buddhist Anguttara Nikayaat several places, [13] gives a list of sixteen great nations:. China was mentioned as a kingdom known as Cina, often grouped with Mleccha kingdoms.


The Mallas appeared to have formed an alliance with the Licchhavis for self-defense but lost their independence not long after Buddha’s death and their dominions were annexed to the Magadhan empire. Classical Maurya Dynastyc. This model ultimately evolved into the establishment of political units known as the janapadas.