FM 100-61 PDF


FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force: Operational Art. • FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force. FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force: Operational Art. FM Armor- and Mechanized-Based Opposing Force: Tactics. FM The OPFOR operational doctrine outlined in FM represents a realistic . *This publication supersedes FM , 26 January

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Basic engineer tasks also include the support of logistics operations in the rear area. A third module describes the organizations, operations, and tactics of other OPFORs not covered in the first two modules. As they modernize, they can reduce in 10-061 and still maintain a high level of military capability.

List of United States Army Field Manuals

FM provides the trainer with a military doctrine and operational art for the armor- and mechanized-based OPFOR. Engineers create obstacles on approaches into the defensive position, in front of artillery and air defense firing positions, in the gaps between strongpoints, and on flanks. OPFOR planners consider a forcing of a water obstacle from the march to be the principal water-crossing method in a contemporary combined arms battle.

Creating engineer obstacles and carrying out demolition activities fk significant engineer functions in all phases of the battle. Engineers prepare obstacle plans in advance and closely tie them in with the fire engagement plan system of fires. Therefore, it is often more effectual to lay a minefield during the course of a battle, preferably at the last minute, directly in the path of a developing threat.

The following paragraphs explain the difference between an OPFOR and a threat and the relationships between the two. In terms of equipment and size, they range from small forces fielding outmoded equipment to large, capable forces fielding state-of-the-art 100-61. To use FMtrainers must first develop a scenario. They ffm a 10-61 feature of tactical and operational formations. It establishes rest, halt, and assembly areas to protect the formation from attack during a march.


However, simultaneous obstacle construction in all three areas can only occur when sufficient time, equipment, and personnel are available. If not, they have the financial resources to purchase such systems. The MOD is a temporary, ad hoc task organization primarily composed of engineers. The AP minefield targets personnel. The focus of FM is on small-to-medium infantry-based forces in which divisions and separate brigades are subordinate to military regions and districts.

They have some armor but rely on dismounted or motorized infantry for the bulk of their combat power. Engineer troops are vital in ensuring success. Significant technologies that mark this class are in fire support and target acquisition. Divisions organize crossings over small rivers up to 60 m wide using divisional engineer resources.

The purpose 10-61 minefields is not only to inflict damage on attacking enemy forces. Major rivers those over m wide are an army group-level problem. ffm

FM Armor- And Mechanized-Based Opposing Force Operational Art – Table of Contents

Engineer support for defensive operations places emphasis on fortifying friendly troop positions, performing engineer camouflage measures, and adapting the terrain for defense. An infantry-based force differs from an armor- and mechanized-based force primarily in terms of technological level and the ability to integrate arms into combined arms combat.

They can also lay obstacles in the depth of friendly units in the main defensive zone, and at subsequent defensive lines, all the way back to the army group’s final defensive line. It requires minimal preparation and engineer support. In the offense, the engineers’ primary mission is to help maintain high rates of advance. At army group level, an engineer battalion may appear in place of or in addition to the engineer brigade, and a water crossing regiment may provide pontoon bridge and assault crossing assets.

It also slows and canalizes enemy forces into predetermined fire sacks kill zones covered by massed artillery fire and long-range AT fire. In the defense, engineer obstacles may strengthen the defense, disrupt enemy operations, and cover gaps.


These and other nondivisional engineer units support their commander by conducting engineer missions in support of committed forces.

This series provides a flexible OPFOR package that users can tailor to represent a wide range of potential threat capabilities and organizations. In simplest terms, a threat is a potential adversary.

First, the armor- and mechanized-based and infantry-based OPFOR modules are not simply unclassified handbooks on the armed forces of a particular nation. MODs lay minefields, dig AT ditches, emplace demolitions, and create other obstacles, such as abatis or log cribs to block forest roads. The methods for creating breaches and passages depend on the situation and on the type of barriers the enemy uses.

They normally construct barrier systems in coordination with the overall system of fire. A medium-size infantry-based force may have one or more standing armies or corps and the capability to integrate forces at the lower end of the operational level. Preparing fortified positions is a task for engineers on the march and in the offense and defense. During the offense, the aims of deception are essentially the same as on the march.

The routes selected should require the least amount of engineer preparation and employment of engineer assets for route clearing. Engineer reconnaissance during the offensive seeks to obtain information on the nature of enemy fortifications and defensive positions, as well as the composition and types of equipment and obstacles of the enemy.

During the offensive, the primary engineer reconnaissance mission is to obtain more precise information on Medium and large infantry-based forces may also possess significant armor- and mechanized-based formations.